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P1B: Cultural Heritage, Museums, and Archives
tranScriptorium : computer aided, crowd sourced transcription of hand written text (for repositories?)
University of London, United Kingdom
Over the past 10+ years significant investment has been made by various European cultural heritage organisations in digitising historical collections of handwritten documents. The output of these digitisation projects may end up in a repository improving access to document images. Can this access be further enhanced?
The Transcriptorium project is a European Commission FP7 funded project (2013-2015) that brings together a suite of tools for the purpose of computer aided transcription and enhancement of digitized handwritten material. These software tools include those for document image analysis (DIA) developed by National Centre for Scientific Research (Greece), handwritten text recognition (HTR) developed by the Universitat Politecnica de Valencia (Spain) and natural language models (NLM) developed by Institute of Dutch Lexicology, Universiteit Leiden (Netherlands). As the project required that these tools be available to other systems they have been developed to operate as software services.
The project included the development of a desktop application (University of Innsbruck, Austria) and a crowd-sourcing platform (University College London and University of London Computer Centre, UK) that use the DIA, HTR and NLM outputs to arrive at computer aided transcription solutions, designed with the aim of improving efficiency and reducing cost of the transcription of handwritten documents.
The Media Ecology Project – Online Access for Scholars Adds Value to Media Archives
1Dartmouth College, United States of America; 2University of South Carolina
The Media Ecology Project (MEP) is a coalition of scholars, archivists, and technologists dedicated to expanding the scope of interaction between the academy and the archive. MEP enables new forms of digital access to and scholarly analysis of moving image collections and visual culture more generally. The scope of MEP’s work toward this goal includes exploring new methods of critical human and computational analysis of media, developing networks between institutions that expose existing archival collections to new audiences, and building tools that facilitate automated sharing of rich cultural data and metadata among software platforms.
MEP is designed to promote efficient cooperation and produce motivated engagement with cultural memory artifacts by academic and scholarly communities. We support close textual studies of the subject matter, production, reception, and representational practices of media. In doing so, MEP also seeks to advance fields of scholarship surrounding these materials and promote a greater understanding of the development and impact of historical media. Raising awareness of these important historical collections is the first step to protecting and sustaining them.
MEP has engaged a wide variety of individuals and institutions to develop a network of stakeholders committed to working to advance its goals.
Building the Perfect Repository for Archival Collections: Lessons Learned from the Henry A. Kissinger Papers Project
Yale University Library, United States of America
A vision for the perfect repository necessarily incorporates rights management and system integration, but, more importantly, is based upon the needs of researchers. Archival collections require access to rich descriptive content and easy browsing of a hierarchical arrangements and archival bonds of collections that cannot be adequately represented with systems designed for monographs, serials, or stand-alone still images. This presentation demonstrates how the Kissinger Papers project at Yale was used as an opportunity to conceive of, and develop a repository tailored to these needs that would be flexible enough for all types of archival collections. The presentation also addresses a unique way to handle rights management that allows for the digitization of an entire collection while still maintaining granular control over researcher access and requesting workflows.